Posts Tagged ‘diagnosis

Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm formation results usually as a complication of acute myocardial infarction. However, this anomaly can be associated with several other etiologies. Until recently, a firm diagnosis of this entity relied on cardiac angiography. The advent of two-dimensional echo cardiography made feasible the noninvasive identification of the false aneurysm, but in certain cases, the […]

Prognostic and surgical implications of true and false left ventricular aneurysms are very different. The distinction between these two entities can be established before cardiac catheterization by means of two-dimensional echocardiography and radionuclide imaging. Both methods, however, as well as LV angiography, may fall in such distinction when the size of the communication between the […]

In conjunction with an echocardiogram, BNP may become the gold standard for diagnosing diastolic dysfunction. As a screening test, BNP for HF may be more diagnostically helpful than the far-more-utilized prostate-specific antigen (PSA), Papanicolaou smears, or mammography used to screen for the corresponding prostate, cervical, and breast cancers. It has a high negative predictive value, […]

The pulmonary artery catheter (РАС), in use for over 30 years and placed in about one million patients yearly, is still the gold standard for obtain ing similar hemodynamic values. But there is little information from large, multicenter randomized trials showing value and improved patient outcome. The potential complications are well documented. They include pulmonary […]

Valuable cardiac information can be obtained from the echocardiogram. The size, shape, and function of the ventricles along with regional wall motion can be attained. The presence of thrombus can often be identified depending on its size and location in these patients who have a high risk for the development of thrombotic events. Identification of […]

Heart failure (HF) is one of the only that is increasing in prevalence in the United States. It is present in 6-10% of the population over the age of 65 and in 10% of those over the age of 80. Stated in another manner, if a person reaches the age of 40, he has a […]