Posts Tagged ‘cardiovascular disease

The Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) is a long-term, prospective, experimental study that addresses the use of HRT for the primary prevention of CHD among healthy, postmenopausal women. Data collection was recently suspended in the continuous combined HRT group (CEEs 0.625 mg/day with MPA 2.5 mg each day) after 5.2 years, and the results of this […]

The Postmenopausal Estrogen/Progestin Interventions (PEPI) trial was an experimental study primarily designed to evaluate the effect of HRT on cardiovascular disease. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial compared estrogen monotherapy with continuous or cyclic estrogen-plus-pro-gestin combination therapy. Two forms of progestins were assessed, medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and micronized progesterone (MP). This study confirmed that all HRT […]

The administration of HRT has been shown to counteract many of these negative effects of menopause that increase the risk of CHD. However, the combination of hormones, dosage, and route of administration can affect the outcomes (Table 1).

INTRODUCTION Historically, heart disease has been viewed as a health problem of middle-aged men, and misperceptions concerning the prevalence of cardiovascular disease among women still exist. However, cardiovascular disease is a significant health problem among women. The incidence of cardiovascular disease in men and women equalizes after the age of 65, and the prevalence among […]

Our findings support the growing concern about problems of overweight and obesity among school-age children and the need to use BMI as a percentile according to sex and age to properly evaluate such students. Because our study sample was mostly black students, we will focus on concerns about this portion of the U.S. population. Of […]

Table 2 outlines the demographics of each of the five classes assessed. Data were obtained from the Nutstat module of Epi Info.6 The ages in months for each grade reflect that this study was completed in the spring of the academic school year. Because the 54 black students made up more than 80% of the […]

After receiving parental permission, 66 children from grades one through five in the City of Richmond’s first model elementary school were assessed for height and weight (counterweight scale) by the school nurse on March 14, 2003. Students wore their school dress, took off their shoes, and emptied their pockets before being weighed. Additional demographic information […]

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