Several important findings were observed in this study. It was determined that 57% of infants perceived to be small at birth received nonmilk foods before two months, compared to 50% of average and large infants, respectively (Table 5). There was no significant difference in means observed between large and small infants, but between average and […]
Though these findings highlight an important and less-investigated sector of obesity research, there are still many unanswered questions. For example, we were unable to examine in depth the real reasons why each group of women introduced nonmilk foods early. A comparative analysis using in-depth interviews with each group of women to explore the reasons for […]
To capture actual maternal practice, the MIFPQ was administered, and the corresponding percentages of women answering each question are listed in Table 4. The purpose of this questionnaire was to capture actual practices to support findings in the interview schedule and the MIFAQ. Therefore, there were no right or wrong answers.
RESULTS In spite of the effort exerted to minimize loss to follow-up, complete data were available for 54 mother-infant dyads at the end of the study. Of all those lost to follow-up, over 90% had their phones cut off, had moved from their original place of residence, or had changed their clinic membership. For the […]
The study was approved by the IRB department of Howard University and conducted in three privately managed clinics catering to low-income residents of Washington, DC. The clinics were selected for two reasons: 1) they had a large roster of African-American clients, and 2) each had a site office for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for […]
The continual increase in the prevalence of obesity in the past two decades alarms public health practitioners because of its associated health consequences, but more importantly, because of the disproportionate burden of this disease on minorities. Obesity at any stage is problematic, but childhood adiposity is of particular concern because of its significant impact on […]