Archive for the ‘Health’ Category

The study was approved by the Research Ethics Board of Providence Health Care. Collection of Data A questionnaire was developed to learn how medication errors and adverse drug events are measured in Canadian ICUs. Face and content validity of the survey were assessed by reviewing each item on the proposed questionnaire with a critical care […]

INTRODUCTION A medication error is a failure of a planned action to be completed as intended1 or the use of an incorrect plan to achieve an aim at any stage of the medication process, including ordering, transcribing, dispensing, administering, or monitoring. Serious medication errors either cause harm or have the potential to do so. Adverse […]

The stroke rehabilitation team at the Toronto Rehabil­itation Institute provides a multidisciplinary, team- based, patient-focused, collaborative approach to patient care. Barb Coulston, a pharmacist, and Cynthia White- head, a physician, have worked closely together for 6 years as part of this team.

Several previous studies have evaluated agreement between prescription records and interview-based medication history. However, those studies involved databases that were not centralized between pharmacies and were not available for general clinical applications beyond the individual pharmacy where the data were stored. In addition, dosing discrepancies were not reported, nor were reasons for discrepancies evaluated, in […]

More than 70% of the PharmaNet profiles reviewed for this study contained some inaccurate or misleading information about prescription medications currently consumed by the patients interviewed. These results suggest that sole reliance on PharmaNet profiles for medication histories could result in a high incidence of prescribing errors. Conversely, since it was relatively uncommon for a […]

Of the 367 patients to whom letters were mailed inviting participation in the study, full medication history interviews were completed for 194 patients (52.9%) who had active PharmaNet profiles. The demographic characteristics of the study subjects are presented in Table 1. One hundred and thirty of the patients interviewed (67.0%) brought all of their prescription […]

This cross-sectional cohort study evaluated agreement between medication lists obtained from a structured patient interview and from the PharmaNet profile available to British Columbia hospital pharmacists. This profile includes, in one comprehensive list, all active and inactive prescription medications filled at British Columbia community pharmacies during the previous 14 months, excluding drugs used to treat […]