Archive for the ‘Health’ Category

INTRODUCTION Significant advances have been made in facilitating health and in preventing disease. Despite medical advances that have resulted in increased longevity for Americans, there are data that contin­ue to suggest that the overall health for racial and ethnic minorities is poorer than that for Caucasian Americans. Emerging studies continue to document disturbing differences in […]

Our study found that among African-American women giving birth at two large hospitals, being unaccompanied by a family member or other support person at the time of delivery was associated with a more than three-fold increase in the odds of having a baby of VLBW. Women who ended up without this aspect of support at […]

Three-hundred-twelve African-American women were interviewed. These included 104 cases, mothers of VLBW infants, and 208 controls, whose infants were of NBW. Approximately 5% of women approached as potential controls declined to participate. The refusal rate among potential cases was less than 2%.

METHODS We carried out a case-control study from 1996 to 1999 at Cook County Hospital and the University of Chicago Hospital. The Institutional Review Boards at both sites approved the study. Cases were 104 African-American mothers of VLBW infants (less than 1,500 g) who were recruited from the admission logbooks of the newborn intensive-care units […]

INTRODUCTION Preterm delivery remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, with African Americans bearing a disproportionate share of this adverse outcome. In 1997, urban mothers of African-American infants, compared with mothers of non-Hispanic white infants were 145% more likely to experience the death of a baby before the infant’s first […]

COMORBIDITY OF COCAINE USE AND MENTAL DISORDERS Comorbid mental illnesses are common in and can worsen CUDs. The factors responsible for morbidity appear to differ among cocaine users with mental illness as compared to cocaine users without mental illness.

OTHER IMAGING STUDIES IN COCAINE USE DISORDERS Computed Tomography (CT) The popularity of CT in addiction research has diminished considerably because of its resolution power and the risk of ionizing radiation. In 1991, a planimetric CT study found significant cerebral atrophy among 35 habitual cocaine abusers as compared to 16 self-reported first-time users and 54 […]