Archive for the ‘Cancer’ Category

The comparison across racial groups for each cancer was generally consistent with previous studies. Previous studies have found racial disparities between whites and blacks in the prevalence rates for lung cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer at the national level. For lung cancer, estimates based on SEER Program and Connecticut Cancer Registry among men reported […]

In this study, we determined that the prevalence rates for lung, colorectal, breast, and among Maryland Medicaid enrollees were 75/10,000, 63/10,000, 92/10,000, and 45/10,000, respectively. Prevalence rates are measures of the burden of diseases in a community for the purpose of setting public policy and allocating resources.

On January 1, 2000, Maryland Medicaid had 246,430 enrollees, with demographic characteristics as reported in Table 1. Most enrollees were under the age of 65 (77.55%). More females (75.74%) than males (24.26%) were Maryland Medicaid beneficiaries. Whites constituted 41.20% of the total Medicaid population, while blacks represented a slightly larger share of the Maryland Medicaid […]

Study Population and Data Sources This study utilized an historical cross-sectional study design. The data source for this study was Maryland Medicaid administrative claims data (including demographic, eligibility, managed care organization (MCO) enrollment data, medical, and institutional fee-for-service claims) and MCO encounter data. In accordance with patient confidentiality concerns, this study was approved by the […]

BACKGROUND Of the lung, colon, breast, and prostate accounted for 54% of all 1998 cancer deaths in Maryland, compared with 52.7% of all 1998 cancer deaths in the United States. Disparities in cancer stage, treatment intensity, and mortality between blacks and whites are well-documented; however, there is a paucity of data examining racial disparities in […]

This is the first study, to our knowledge, which examines mammogram use within a community-based sample of Haitian women and compares it to that of women of other ethnic groups in the same neighborhoods. We found that overall rates of ever having had a mammogram and having had a mammogram in the past two years […]

Of the 1,103 households randomly selected, we identified 392 eligible women. Among the eligible women, 329 completed the questionnaires (response rate=84%). Forty-three percent (n=144) of the interviewed respondents described their ethnicity as Haitian, 24% (n=80) white, 17% (n=56) African-American, 8% (n=26) English-speaking Caribbean, 7% (n=22) as Latina, and the remainder (n=3, <2%) as other ethnic […]