Antibiotics Oral antibiotics are effective in the treatment of acne, particularly when acne is related to inflammation or P. acnes infection. As previously stated, the antibiotics are useful for moderate and severe grades of inflammatory acne because of their anti-inflammatory properties.
Therapies for acne are varied and include proper cleaning regimens, topical agents, oral antibiotics, oral retinoids, and oral hormonal therapies. Available treatments are outlined in Table 2.
Follicular hyperkeratinization underlies the development of comedones, the characteristic acne lesion. Although many patients believe that acne stems from a failure to clean the face effectively and sufficiently, researchers have noted it is a failure of the skin and the pores to slough off dead skin cells. Hyperkeratinization is related to the presence of P. […]
Differential Diagnosis The differential diagnosis of acne includes gram-negative fol-liculitis, perioral dermatitis, sebaceous hyperplasia, syringoma, tuberous sclerosis (adenoma sebaceum), trichoepithelioma, Demodex folliculitis, bacterial folliculitis, and papular sarcoido-sis. The diseases that most closely resemble acne, but are said to be distinguishable from it, include: gram-negative folliculitis: occurs after months of therapy with tetracycline (e.g., Sumycin, Par); […]
Abstract Acne vulgaris (acne) is probably the most common derma-tological complaint in the U.S. Acne has a range of presentations and manifestations, thus apparently comprising many disease states. Although acne is not an infectious disease, specimens of bacteria such as Propionibac-terium acnes, Propionibacterium granulosus, and Staphylococcus epidermidis can be obtained for culture from the eruptions […]